Dear Ladies and Gentlemen,
There is unrest, quarrels and wars around us, the pandemic does not subside, therefore during this year's autumn edition of the ORGANy PLUS + ®2021 festival, we want to immerse ourselves for a moment in history to remind ourselves that after the rain comes the sun, and that day follows night, and that art can be an effective form of defence against the hardships and troubles of everyday life.
Throughout six concerts we will travel musically not only around the shores of the Baltic Sea or around European countries, but also, for the first time, to the Abbots' Palace in Oliwa, and musically to the New World, albeit in a somewhat paradoxical way. On all our musical journeys, we will be accompanied by singing performed by Polish and foreign stars and the sound of the wonderful Gdańsk organ.
Traditionally, the ORGANy PLUS + ® festival will start in the Franciscan Trinity church. Thanks to the cooperation with the Consul General of the Federal Republic of Germany, Mrs. Cornelia Pieper, together with the young musicians of the Europäisches Hanse-Ensemble led by the unparalleled choirmaster Manfred Cordes from Germany, on Thursday 30th September at 7 p.m. we will take an extraordinary journey to the 17th-century cities of the Hanseatic League and listen to the music that graced public celebrations and church holidays on the Baltic Sea, both of which often were one and the same. In this way, our festival joins the celebration of round jubilees related to Gdańsk and the recent history of Poland. First of all, it is the 30th anniversary of the signing of the Polish-German Treaty on Good Neighborhood and Friendly Cooperation. Locally, we also celebrate 45 years of partnership between the Hanseatic cities of Gdańsk and Bremen and the 30th anniversary of the Poland-Germany Society in Gdańsk, both working for reconciliation between our two nations.
A day later on Friday 1st October at 7 p.m. for the first time, our festival will visit the Rococo Abbots' Palace in Oliwa where in the Music Hall, in the same manner in which it was done in the eighteenth century, we will present you galant music performed by the French ensemble Les Chantres de Saint-Hilaire under the direction of François-Xavier Lacroux. Thanks to the cooperation with the French Institute and the National Museum in Gdańsk, we will have the opportunity to listen to Francophone music that was heard not only in French palaces, but also in the salons of the New World. The presented program includes works from a collection completed by the Cavalier de Chavoye, governor of Louis XV in New France (i.e. in today's North America) and a great lover of cantatas.
On Saturday October 2nd at 7 p.m. in the Church of St. John’s in Gdańsk, and marking the end of the international organological conference "St. Jan Od-Nowa - 260 years of Johann Friderich Rhode's side organ”, we will listen to another monographic concert from the “Bach in Gdańsk” series performed by Andrzej Szadejko on the organ and the fantastic soprano Anna Fabrello. On this occasion we will explore what musical novelties Johann Sebastian encountered in Lüneburg and how it influenced the compositions of the then sixteen-year-old composer.
Exactly 110 years ago in the Salesian Church of St. John Bosco in Orunia, the organ builder Eduard Wittek from Elbląg built a new pneumatic instrument inside a historic Baroque organ case by Andreas Hildebrandt from 1749. Organ music was rapidly developing in Berlin at the same time. During the concert on Monday, October 4th at 7.30 p.m. in the Salesian Church of St. John Bosco in Orunia, the two neo-romantic traditions – from Gdańsk and from Berlin - will meet with outstanding artists from Berlin - Andreas Sielig on the organ and Christina Elbe, soprano, taking us back in time by over a hundred years to the times of fin de ciecle.
After a break of a few days, we will meet again in the Franciscan Church. There, in one space, we will encounter two musically separate worlds. First, on Saturday, October 9th at 7 p.m. we will listen to the reconstructed cantatas of Friedrich Christian Samuel Mohrheim - the Gdańsk music director and the only student of Bach who, for most of his professional life, was active in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This captivating music, which is a combination of Bach polyphony, Gdańsk tradition and delicate galant style, will be performed by the unparalleled Goldberg Baroque Ensemble and renowned soloists from all over Europe - Siri Karoline Thornhill from Norway, Franziska Gottwald from Germany, Virgil Hartinger from Austria and Stephan MacLeod from Switzerland. Excellent music and cast will help us feel like Gdańsk townspeople of the second half of the eighteenth century.
After such an emotional highlight, we will conclude with moments of meditation and reflection. The last concert, which will also take place in the Franciscan Trinity Church in Gdańsk, on Sunday October 10th this time at 3 p.m. will be a tribute by the Czech vocal ensemble Cappella Mariana under the direction of Vojtěch Semerád to one of the most outstanding and most important European composers - Josquin Desprez. This musical giant set the direction for the development of all European polyphonic music. This year we remember the 500th anniversary of his death. During the concert we will listen to Miserere mei Deus of the great Frenchman, and we will end the whole festival with the beautiful Requiem in memoriam Josquin Desprez by his most outstanding student, Jean Richafort.
The long-awaited restoration of the only surviving organ by Gdańsk organ builder Otto Heinrichsdorff from 1911 at the Franciscan St. Anna church has just started. The organ is hidden behind the beautiful historic facade crafted by Andreas Hildebrandt in 1710. This edition and the next four cycles of the ORGANy PLUS + ® festival are being held in support this restoration process. Each of us can contribute to the expeditious return to a full working state and original appearance of this historic instrument. Become a patron of a pipe today.
World-famous performers, original old instruments, historically informed performances, the acoustics of the Gothic church of St. Trinity, the Rococo Abbots' Palace and the neo-Gothic church of St. John Bosco, the unique interior of the Church of St. Hohn’s, the unique and original positioning of musicians at the only lectorium in Poland, and, last but not least, music not heard anywhere else in Poland will make us participants in musical happenings from centuries ago.
Let us do some brief time travelling!
Welcome to Gdańsk! Welcome to the Holy Trinity Church, St. John’s Church, St. John Bosco Church and the Abbot’s Palace!
Composer, conductor, organist, organizer of musical life.
A graduate of the Academy of Music in Warsaw and Hochschule für Alte Musik Schola Cantorum Basiliensis in Basel / Switzerland. He participated in 30 master classes for organ, harpsichord and pianoforte in Poland, Germany, the Netherlands and Switzerland. Finalist and winner of many organ competitions in Poland and abroad. Professor of the Academy of Music in Gdańsk. Visiting professor at universities in Germany, Finland and the USA. Laureate and scholarship holder of many Polish and foreign institutions. Since 1994, he has been giving regular concerts in Poland, Europe and the USA as a soloist, chamber musician and conductor. Apart from performing organ concerts, he also composes.
An expert in the field of historical organ building. He is a consultant or supervises many organ projects in Poland, as well as in Lithuania and Belgium. Founder and head of the Goldberg Baroque Ensemble, with which he records premiere performances of cantatas by composers from Pomerania. As a soloist and conductor, he recorded 25 albums for Polish and German labels, nominated for the FRYDERYK and OPUS KLASSIK awards many times. Currently, he is the artistic director of the MUSICA BALTICA and GDAŃSK ORGAN LANDSCAPE series at the renowned German label MDG. Author of monographic publications, as well as scientific studies and articles printed in Polish and foreign periodicals.
Author of the program "Organy Nieograne" in Program 2 of Polish Radio. Organizer and author of many artistic formats and festivals in Gdańsk and Warsaw: ORGANy PLUS + ® Festival, Koncerty dla Gdańszczan, Popiszczmy Razem happenings for children, art competition "... and the organs played", ISO Conference - Pomerania 2008, GdO Tagung - Gdańsk 2018, festival "Moniuszko in the Churches of Warsaw".
The Franciscan monastery complex is located in the Lower City, in the direct vicinity of the major tourist attractions of the Old Town of Gdańsk.
The complex stands out to view when entering Gdańsk from the south. Its flèche-topped timber roof truss is the dominating element in the southern panorama of the Old Town.
The history of the complex dates back to the 14. century and the beginnings of the Franciscans’ presence in Gdańsk. In the 16. century the post-monastery buildings used to house the famous gymnasium and the first public library. In the 19. century the complex was turned to the natural history museum. After World War II the Franciscans returned to occupy a part of the complex despite oppositions from the communist state authorities, thus closing a certain stage in the history of the site.
The Holy Trinity church is one of the three authentic shrines in Gdańsk which have survived war destruction. This Gothic hall church is made up of two sections: the triple-nave main body and the single-nave presbytery. Both sections are crossed with the choir screen dating back to 1488, which is the only one authentic structure of the type preserved in Poland. The church owes its specific acoustic properties to the Gothic vault over the main body of the church, spanning at the height of 22.65 meters and supported by 10 massive pillars set in two rows every 5 meters. The three naves are 29.1 m wide, while in length the main body of the church (50.7 m) and the presbytery add up to 82 m. The characteristic feature in the church structure is the asymmetric angle of the presbytery axis with respect to the axis of the main body of the church. The organ is installed on two adjacent balconies in the transept, i.e. the crossing of the main church body and the presbytery, on the southern side of the choir screen. There is no other architectural solution of the type in Poland, with just several similar solutions found worldwide.
The first mention of a small chapel dedicated to St. John appeared in 1358. From around 1360 to around 1546, the construction of a three-nave Gothic hall-type temple was carried out, but until the end of the eighteenth century, the structure of the church was reinforced from the outside due to unstable statics. In the years 1463-1465 the church received stellar vaults, and in 1612 one of the largest European stone altars by Abraham van den Blocke, preserved to this day, appeared there. In the years 1680-1690, the library of the Zachariasz Zappio foundation was established at the northern side of the transept. In March 1945 the church burned down. The roof truss, roof, windows and floor were destroyed, the structure was damaged, as well as twin baroque houses at the southern wall of the chancel. After the war, the burnt church building was covered with a roof and its valuable vaults were secured. The temple itself was designated as a lapidarium and was not included in the planned reconstruction of the Main Town, and most of its equipment was transferred to St. Mary's Church in Gdańsk. The church was not taken over for the purposes of religious worship after the war, it fell into disrepair for many years, it was also a scenery for war movies, as a result of which it fell into further ruin. In 1960, the Evangelical community resigned from the ownership of the temple, but it was not until 1991 that the church was formally transferred to the Gdańsk diocese.
The Baltic Sea Cultural Center in Gdańsk on the basis of an agreement with the Archdiocese of Gdańsk as a user of the Church of St. Jana has been managing its reconstruction, conservation and adaptation to the St John’s Cultural Center - Centrum św. Jana since 1995. The reconstruction of Johann Rhode's organ is the largest element of the second stage of the project of restoration and adaptation of the church, and was co-financed under the project "Revalorization and adaptation of St. John’s church in Gdańsk - stage II ”, as part of the Regional Operational Program of the Pomeranian Voivodeship for 2014-2020, co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund.
The first wooden chapel was built by the Teutonic Knights in Orunia, probably in the first half of the 15th century. In 1571 it was expanded and converted into a Lutheran church, which burned down in 1577. It was not until 1608 that the construction of a new church was started, and in 1684 a tower was added. As a result of another reconstruction, completed on June 13, 1764, the western and northern parts of the temple were expanded.
On September 3, 1813, the church was set on fire by the Russian army besieging Gdańsk. It was not until 1820, thanks to the personal and financial commitment of Hoene the trade counselor, who was the owner of large areas in Orunia, that the construction of today's temple was started according to the design of the imperial court architect - Karl Friedrich Schinkel from Berlin. A brick neo-Gothic body of the church was created with a slender tower, topped with a sharp dome with rarely seen, "gothic" vaults made of wood and covered with a layer of plaster forming ribs and consoles supported on 8 wooden pillars supporting also a gallery running along the side walls, connecting above the entrance the main one, where the organ was later placed. The new Orunia’s church was consecrated on October 5, 1823. the owner of the area founded also the main altar, two side altars and the organ.
The church was in good shape until 1945, when the advancing Soviet army destroyed it again. However, despite the damage to the roof, tower and windows, from which traceries and stained glass fell out, the temple did not suffer as much devastation as most of the religious buildings in the city itself.
After the war, the church in Orunia was assigned to the Salesians by the bishop of Gdańsk, Karol Maria Splett, as the rector's church, and on July 15, 1994, the church became a parish church, separating from the nearby parish in Old Scottland.
The origins of the Abbots' Palace date back to the fifteenth century, as evidenced by the fragments of the outer wall and the Gothic vaults of the palace cellars. However, the present rococo shape of the building was given during the reconstruction in 1754-1756, funded by the last abbot of the Oliwa monastery, Jacek Rybicki. In 1945, the palace was set on fire by the Germans, and twenty years later it was rebuilt by the then Pomeranian Museum in Gdańsk. Currently, it is one of the branches of the National Museum in Gdańsk. In the palace interiors there is a high Rococo music hall, which at its vault is connected by three large windows with a room for musicians. This architectural concept enables period music to be presented in the way it was performed in the eighteenth century.
Organ of St. Trinity Church in Gdansk are unique in design, architecture and music on a global scale. It is one of the most important instruments in Europe, now influencing the whole musical culture of the region. It is the only instrument of this type in Poland and in Europe.
The reconstruction of the organ at the Holy Trinity church is fundamental for the cultural development of the monastery complex.
The purpose of reconstruction of the Merten Friese’s instrument is to bring it back to its shape and style gained after the most recent modifications carried out in Baroque, i.e. in mid-18. century, by Friedrich Dalitz, an organ builder from Gdańsk.
The instrument is being recreated using organbuilding techniques and materials typical for the epoch in which it was originally built. In order to be as close to the original as possible, the recreating team used all preserved authentic elements of the organ casing. The works are based on information and documentation drawn when dismantling the instrument in the times of the Second World War. The physical form and musical potential of the recreated instrument is unmatched in Poland. Its Baroque shape refers to the tradition of organ-building characteristic for the Baltic states. The instrument become an important link in the process of reviving the craft culture of the Hanseatic circle in such cities as Hamburg, Stralsund, Copenhagen, Goeteborg, Stockholm, or Riga.
Reconstruction of the instrument so large and so important for the musical culture of the region and all Poland is unique in many respects. The uniqueness of the project, in view of the organ-building tradition in former Hanseatic cities, stems from the fact that the project concept assumes following of the process of transformations which occurred in organ building in the region over the period of 150 years.
The organ was being put back in its original place, on the railing on the southern side of the presbytery, by the choir screen. This is the only structural solution of the type found in Poland, echoing the style, rare as it is, found in the organ-building art of the Netherlands, Belgium, and northern Germany.
Thanks to the positioning of the organ in the direct vicinity of the choir screen the qualities of the interior similar to those offered by concert halls enable holding musical events for which no other church interior in Poland is suitable, at the same time giving those musical productions an additional value of following the historic musical practice.
There is no other church in Poland with a choir screen so large, able to accommodate both the choir, and orchestra and an organ nearby. Thanks to it, the potential of using the intertior of the Holy Trinity church for artistic purposes is almost unlimited.
The organ is just finished in May 2018 and already serves to liturgy and cultural events as well as educational and scientific purposes.
A brief history of the instrument
|1616-18||- probably Merten Friese built the organ|
|1697||- adding Cimbelstern by Georg Nitrowski|
|1703||- Tobias Lehmann rebuilt the old instrument and built a new pedal case|
|1757||- barock reconstruction by Rudolph Dalitz|
|1914||- Total rebuilding and pneumatization by Otto Heinrichsdorf|
|1943||- dismantling of organ durin WWII|
|1960||- part reconstruction of pedal balcony and prospect with pneumatic organ behind by Ryszard Plenikowski|
|2008||- Begin of reconstruction of the historical barock organ by Kristian Wegscheider from Dresden with cooperation with Szymon Januszkiewicz from Niedalino|
|2013||- Reconstruction of the first section - Rückpositiv|
|2015||– the end of reconstruction of all preserved historical elements of organ cases|
|2017||- reconstruction of further divisions – Gross Pedal, Klein Pedal, Brustwerk|
|2018||- reconstruction of Hauptwerk – the end of the reconstruction project|
Disposition of the organ
In 2019, 77 years later, one of the most splendid instruments of 18th-century Europe returned to its former place in a reconstructed form, whose modern technological solutions were at that time set by experts as a model for other instruments. The 30-voice instrument was originally created together with the choir in 1760-61 as the second auxiliary instrument for the great main organ, the prospect of which is now in St. Mary's Basilica. The builder of this most modern instrument in Europe at that time was Johann Friedrich Rhode, probably a student of Andreas Hildebrandt from Gdańsk, an associate of Christian Obuch in Pomerania and Warmia, and Jonas Grena and Peter Strahl in Sweden. The beautiful carving and sculptural setting of the organ prospectus were made by Johann Heinrich Meissner, one of the most outstanding sculptors working on the Baltic Sea. Fortunately, this richly carved and gilded organ case was preserved in its entirety during the evacuation in 1943-44. However, the instrument had to be recreated. The main idea behind this realization was maximum fidelity to the original, which was achieved in almost 100% thanks to the professional work of the conservation company, Mr. Jacek Dyżewski Dart from Gdańsk and the Polish-Belgian consortium of organ-building companies Guido Schumacher from Eupen in Belgium and Szymon Januszkiewicz from Pruszcz Gdański. Intonation and tuning were entrusted to an outstanding organ builder from Latvia - Janis Kalnins. The entire project was conducted by Iwona Berent - the curator of the Church of St. John, who has been consistently managing the revitalization of the entire church for many years, and dr hab. Andrzej Szadejko - the author of research and the concept of organ reconstruction, who supervised the project and is currently the curator of the instrument.
A brief history of the lateral organs at the St. John’s church in Gdańsk
|1560-64||– first known side organ built in the south aisle by Hans Behrendt
|1642||– Another instrument built by Michael Fischer.
|1688||– side organ is moved to the northern aisle.|
|1760-61||– new Johann Friedrich Rhode organ with a new choir built to replace the previous instrument.
|1912||– Eduard WIttek's new 17-voice pneumatic organ built inside the historical case
|1943-44||– disassembly of the baroque case and organ gallery
|1945||– destruction of the church and pneumatic organs
|2017-2019||– reconstruction of the baroque-classical organ by the consortium of Guido Schumacher and Szymon Januszkiewicz
Disposition of the organ
The history of the smallest festival instrument is very complicated. For a long time the original authorship of the instrument was attributed in the literature to Johann Hellwig from 1611. However, during a recent renovation, it was discovered that the mechanical 20-voice instrument was originally created in 1749 in the workshop of the famous Gdańsk organ builder - Andreas Hildebrandt for the now defunct hospital church, which was rebuilt in 1734 just outside the walls of Gdańsk. On this occasion, on June 8, 1749, during the consecration of the newly built organ, the ceremonial cantata, which has been preserved in the collection of the Gdańsk Library - Saget dank allezeit - by Johann Daniel Pucklitz, a Gdańsk composer, was performed. The church was destroyed again in 1807 by the French army, and the devastated instrument and the case were dismantled and stored by the Gdańsk organ builder, Christian Ephraim Ahrendt. In 1824, using the original elements of Hildebrandt's organ, Ahrendt built a new instrument in the choir of the Orunia temple, visually adapting it to the neo-Gothic interior design. In the twentieth century, the instrument was rebuilt many times. First, in 1911, Eduard Wittek built a new 17-voice pneumatic organ in a baroque case, and then in 1986 Wawrzyniec Rychert, and in the 2000s, other unauthorized people partially changed the instrument's disposition and technical parameters, leading to its devastation.
Thanks to the initiative of Father Mariusz Słomiński, the parish priest of St. John Bosco in Orunia, in 2017-18, a project was carried out to renovate and partially reconstruct the neo-romantic pneumatic organs of the Elbląg company by Eduard Wittek, funded in 1911 for the local church by the Hoene family. The program of two-year works included the renovation and conservation of the organ case and the restoration of the original, neo-romantic disposition of the instrument from over a hundred years ago. The works under the supervision of dr hab. Andrzej Szadejko were done by the organ-building company of Szymon Januszkiewicz from Pruszcz Gdański and the conservation studio of Mrs. Jolanta Pabiś-Ptak and their associates. The preservation of the organs was financially supported by the donations of parishioners and by the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage and the City of Gdańsk. Currently, it is the only stylistically homogeneous neo-romantic instrument in the whole Pomerania.
A brief history of the instrument
|1749||– new Andreas Hildebrandt organ in the rebuilt Lazaretkirche outside the walls of the city of Gdańsk
|1807||– dismantling of the remains of the organ builder by the Gdańsk organist Christian Ephraim Ahrendt
|1824||– construction of a new instrument with the use of old elements in the church in Orunia
|1911||– Eduard Wittek put a new pneumatic organ in a baroque case.
|1986||– Wawrzyniec Rychert rebuilds the instrument in the spirit of Orgelbewegung
|Lata 2000||– devastation of the instrument by self-proclaimed organ builders
|2017-18||– renovation and partial reconstruction of the Wittek organ by Szymon Januszkiewicz from Pruszcz Gdański
Disposition of the organ
Renovation of the organ in the church of St. Anna (1710/1911) - Invitation to participate in the Patronage
In the years 2008-2018, the great Mannerist and Baroque organ from the Holy Trinity Church in Gdańsk was renovated and rebuilt with great success. Thus, we brought back to life one of the greatest and most valuable instruments in Pomerania. The effort to rebuild it was huge, also in financial terms. However, the enthusiasm and kindness of many people and institutions showed us that it was worth taking up this challenge. Over the years in which we have conducted the reconstruction, the great organs have gained over 600 institutional and individual patrons involved in the work of reconstruction. Today, therefore, at least as many people (including entire families) can proudly say: these are OUR organs.
The instrument from the St. Anne's Chapel is certainly a different class object from the organ from the Holy Trinity Church - it is definitely smaller and its outer garment is not that impressive. However, these organs are an extremely valuable monument of musical culture in Gdańsk. The facade made by Hildebrandt in 1710 has been preserved in situ, and inside the organ case many original elements of the instrument made at the beginning of the 20th century have been preserved. It is also significant that the organ in the St. Anne's chapel was founded in the 18th century by citizens of Gdańsk, who met here for the liturgy celebrated in Polish. Today, the organs that have successfully survived the hostilities require immediate maintenance and repair. We hope that in the work of their renovation we will be accompanied by the same enthusiasm and commitment with which we met when we rebuilt the great organ of the Holy Trinity Church.
Father Tomasz Jank
guardian of the monastery and rector
of the Holy Trinity Church in Gdańsk
Contact: Rector of the Holy Trinity church, Fr. Tomasz Jank OFMConv., Phone: +48 606 231 933, firstname.lastname@example.org
Address: Franciscan Monastery in Gdańsk, ul. Świętej Trójcy 4, 80-822 Gdańsk
A separate account for the restoration of organs from St. Anne's Church:
(EURO): PL07 1240 5400 1978 0010 4884 9565
Account owner: FRANCISCAN MONASTERY IN GDAŃSK
Address of the account owner: ŚWIĘTEJ TRÓJCY 4, 80-822 GDAŃSK
Branch keeping the accounts: Bank Pekao, Branch in Gdańsk ul. Ogarna 116
Kościół OO. Franciszkanów p.w. Św. Trójcy w Gdańsku, ul. Św. Trójcy 4
Centrum Św. Jana w Gdańsku ul. Świętojańska 50
Kościół rzymskokatolicki pw. Św. Jana Bosko ul. Gościnna 15
Pałac Opatów, ul. Cystersów 18
Tickets sold on the day at the box office on the courtyard of the church opened one hour before.
Kościoła pw. Św. Trójcy
ul. Św. Trójcy 4
Online booking for the concerts email@example.com
Organy PLUS+ © 2016
designed by monolight.eu
graphics by Beata Czerepak